Can't Locate

I get this error:

Can't locate in @INC

Is there an easier way to install it than downloading, untarring, making, etc?


On Unix:

usually you start cpan in your shell:

# cpan

and type

install Chocolate::Belgian

or in short form:

cpan Chocolate::Belgian

On Windows:

If you're using ActivePerl on Windows, the PPM (Perl Package Manager) has much of the same functionality as


# ppm
ppm> search net-smtp
ppm> install Net-SMTP-Multipart

see How do I install Perl modules? in the CPAN FAQ

Many distributions ship a lot of perl modules as packages.

  • Gentoo: category dev-perl
  • Debian: apt-cache search 'perl$'

You should always prefer them as you benefit from automatic (security) updates and the ease of removal. This can be pretty tricky with the cpan tool itself.

For Gentoo there's a nice tool called g-cpan which builds/installs the module from CPAN and creates a Gentoo package (ebuild) for you.

Try App::cpanminus:

# cpanm Chocolate::Belgian

It's great for just getting stuff installed. It provides none of the more complex functionality of CPAN or CPANPLUS, so it's easy to use, provided you know which module you want to install. If you haven't already got cpanminus, just type:

# cpan App::cpanminus

to install it.

It is also possible to install it without using cpan at all. The basic bootstrap procedure is,

curl -L | perl - --sudo App::cpanminus

For more information go to the App::cpanminus page and look at the section on installation.

I note some folks suggesting one run cpan under sudo. That used to be necessary to install into the system directory, but modern versions of the CPAN shell allow you to configure it to use sudo just for installing. This is much safer, since it means that tests don't run as root.

If you have an old CPAN shell, simply install the new cpan ("install CPAN") and when you reload the shell, it should prompt you to configure these new directives.

Nowadays, when I'm on a system with an old CPAN, the first thing I do is update the shell and set it up to do this so I can do most of my cpan work as a normal user.

Also, I'd strongly suggest that Windows users investigate strawberry Perl. This is a version of Perl that comes packaged with a pre-configured CPAN shell as well as a compiler. It also includes some hard-to-compile Perl modules with their external C library dependencies, notably XML::Parser. This means that you can do the same thing as every other Perl user when it comes to installing modules, and things tend to "just work" a lot more often.

A couple of people mentioned the cpan utility, but it's more than just starting a shell. Just give it the modules that you want to install and let it do it's work.

$prompt> cpan Foo::Bar

If you don't give it any arguments it starts the shell. This works on Unix, Mac, and should be just fine on Windows (especially Strawberry Perl).

There are several other things that you can do with the cpan tool as well. Here's a summary of the current features (which might be newer than the one that comes with and perl):

-a Creates the autobundle with CPAN::Shell->autobundle.

-A module [ module ... ] Shows the primary maintainers for the specified modules

-C module [ module ... ] Show the Changes files for the specified modules

-D module [ module ... ] Show the module details. This prints one line for each out-of-date module (meaning, modules locally installed but have newer versions on CPAN). Each line has three columns: module name, local version, and CPAN version.

-L author [ author ... ] List the modules by the specified authors.

-h Prints a help message.

-O Show the out-of-date modules.

-r Recompiles dynamically loaded modules with CPAN::Shell->recompile.

-v Print the script version and version.

If you're on Ubuntu and you want to install the pre-packaged perl module (for example, geo::ipfree) try this:

    $ apt-cache search perl geo::ipfree
    libgeo-ipfree-perl - A look up country of ip address Perl module

    $ sudo apt-get install libgeo-ipfree-perl

Also see Yes, even you can use CPAN. It shows how you can use CPAN without having root or sudo access.

sudo perl -MCPAN -e 'install Foo'

Otto made a good suggestion. This works for Debian too, as well as any other Debian derivative. The missing piece is what to do when apt-cache search doesn't find something.

$ sudo apt-get install dh-make-perl build-essential apt-file
$ sudo apt-file update

Then whenever you have a random module you wish to install:

$ cd ~/some/path
$ dh-make-perl --build --cpan Some::Random::Module
$ sudo dpkg -i libsome-random-module-perl-0.01-1_i386.deb

This will give you a deb package that you can install to get Some::Random::Module. One of the big benefits here is man pages and sample scripts in addition to the module itself will be placed in your distro's location of choice. If the distro ever comes out with an official package for a newer version of Some::Random::Module, it will automatically be installed when you apt-get upgrade.

Already answered and accepted answer - but anyway:

IMHO the easiest way installing CPAN modules (on unix like systems, and have no idea about the wondows) is:

curl -L | perl - --sudo App::cpanminus

The above is installing the "zero configuration CPAN modules installer" called cpanm. (Can take several minutes to install - don't break the process)

and after - simply:

cpanm Foo
cpanm Module::One
cpanm Another::Module

Lots of recommendation for, which is great, but if you're using Perl 5.10 then you've also got access to which is like but better.

And, of course, it's available on CPAN for people still using older versions of Perl. Why not try:


2 ways that I know of :


With Windows (ActivePerl) I've used ppm

from the command line type ppm. At the ppm prompt ...

ppm> install foo


ppm> search foo

to get a list of foo modules available. Type help for all the commands


you can also use CPAN like this (*nix systems) :

perl -MCPAN -e 'shell'

gets you a prompt


at the prompt ...

cpan> install foo  (again to install the foo module)

type h to get a list of commands for cpan

On Fedora you can use

# yum install foo

as long as Fedora has an existing package for the module.

Many times it does happen that cpan install command fails with the message like "make test had returned bad status, won't install without force"

In that case following is the way to install the module:

perl -MCPAN -e "CPAN::Shell->force(qw(install Foo::Bar));"

On ubuntu most perl modules are already packaged, so installing is much faster than most other systems which have to compile.

To install Foo::Bar at a commmand prompt for example usually you just do:

sudo apt-get install libfoo-bar-perl

Sadly not all modules follow that naming convention.

Even it should work:

cpan -i module_name

Use cpan command as cpan Modulename

$ cpan HTML::Parser

To install dependencies automatically follow the below

$ perl -MCPAN -e shell
cpan[1]>  o conf prerequisites_policy follow
cpan[2]>  o conf commit

I prefer App::cpanminus, it installs dependencies automatically. Just do

$ cpanm HTML::Parser

On Windows with the ActiveState distribution of Perl, use the ppm command.

If you want to put the new module into a custom location that your cpan shell isn't configured to use, then perhaps, the following will be handy.

 #wget <URL to the module.tgz>
 perl Build.PL
./Build destdir=$HOME install_base=$HOME
./Build destdir=$HOME install_base=$HOME install

Sometimes you can use the yum search foo to search the relative perl module, then use yum install xxx to install.

On Fedora Linux or Enterprise Linux, yum also tracks perl library dependencies. So, if the perl module is available, and some rpm package exports that dependency, it will install the right package for you.

yum install 'perl(Chocolate::Belgian)'

(most likely perl-Chocolate-Belgian package, or even ChocolateFactory package)

Simply executing cpan Foo::Bar on shell would serve the purpose.

Category: perl Time: 2008-09-15 Views: 1
Tags: perl install cpan

Related post

iOS development

Android development

Python development

JAVA development

Development language

PHP development

Ruby development


Front-end development


development tools

Open Platform

Javascript development

.NET development

cloud computing


Copyright (C), All Rights Reserved.

processed in 0.186 (s). 12 q(s)