run an ajax call while waiting for the first to complete

I am using setInterval(fname, 10000); to call a function every 10 seconds in JavaScript. Is it possible to stop calling it on some event?

I want the user to be able to stop the repeated refresh of data.

Replay

setInterval() returns an interval ID, which you can pass to clearInterval():

var refreshIntervalId = setInterval(fname, 10000);

/* later */
clearInterval(refreshIntervalId);

See the docs for setInterval() and clearInterval().

if you setup the return of setInterval to a variable you can use clearInterval to stop it.

var myTimer = setInterval(...);
clearInterval(myTimer);

You can set a new variable and have it increment ++ (count up one) every time it runs, then use a conditional statement to end it:

var varCounter = 0;
var varName = function(){
     if(varCounter <= 10) {
          varCounter++;
          /* your code goes here */
     } else {
          clearInterval(varName);
     }
};

$(document).ready(function(){
     setInterval(varName, 10000);
});

I hope that helps... also I hope thats right :P

The answers above have already explained how setInterval returns a handle, and how this handle is used to cancel the Interval timer.

Some architectural considerations:

Please do not use "scope-less" variables. The safest way is to use the attribute of a DOM object. The easiest place would be "document". If the refresher is started by a start/stop button, you can use the button itself:

<a onclick="start(this);">Start</a>

<script>
function start(d){
    if (d.interval){
        clearInterval(d.interval);
        d.innerHTML='Start';
    } else {
        d.interval=setInterval(function(){
          //refresh here
        },10000);
        d.innerHTML='Stop';
    }
}
</script>

Since the function is defined inside the button click handler, you don't have to define it again. The timer can be resumed if the button is clicked on again.

Why not use a simpler approach? Add a class!

Simply add a class that tells the interval not to do anything. For example: on hover.

var i = 0;
this.setInterval(function() {
  if(!$('#counter').hasClass('pauseInterval')) { //only run if it hasn't got this class 'pauseInterval'
    console.log('Counting...');
    $('#counter').html(i++); //just for explaining and showing
  } else {
    console.log('Stopped counting');
  }
}, 500);

/* In this example, I'm adding a class on mouseover and remove it again on mouseleave. You can of course do pretty much whatever you like */
$('#counter').hover(function() { //mouse enter
    $(this).addClass('pauseInterval');
  },function() { //mouse leave
    $(this).removeClass('pauseInterval');
  }
);

/* Other example */
$('#pauseInterval').click(function() {
  $('#counter').toggleClass('pauseInterval');
});
body {
  background-color: #eee;
  font-family: Calibri, Arial, sans-serif;
}
#counter {
  width: 50%;
  background: #ddd;
  border: 2px solid #009afd;
  border-radius: 5px;
  padding: 5px;
  text-align: center;
  transition: .3s;
  margin: 0 auto;
}
#counter.pauseInterval {
  border-color: red;
}
<!-- you'll need jQuery for this. If you really want a vanilla version, ask -->
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<p id="counter">&nbsp;</p>
<button id="pauseInterval">Pause</button></p>

I've been looking for this fast and easy approach for ages, so I'm posting several versions to introduce as many people to it as possible.

@cnu,

You can stop interval, when try run code before look ur console browser (F12) ... try comment clearInterval(trigger) is look again a console, not beautifier? :P

Check example a source:

var trigger = setInterval(function() {
  if (document.getElementById('sandroalvares') != null) {
    document.write('<div id="sandroalvares" style="background: yellow; width:200px;">SandroAlvares</div>');
    clearInterval(trigger);
    console.log('Success');
  } else {
    console.log('Trigger!!');
  }
}, 1000);
<div id="sandroalvares" style="background: gold; width:200px;">Author</div>
Category: javascript Time: 2008-09-20 Views: 2

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