I have some basic understanding of electronics but am having trouble optimizing our setup for laser intensity measurements.
Currently, we are using a Thorlabs photodiode PDA100A with 50Ω terminators connected to a Thorlabs 10kHz lowpass filter. The filter is then connected to our NI BNC-2110 connector (I would add more links to products but apparently I need 10 rep to post more than 2 links) on a analog input channel using differential terminal setup. We are reading the voltage using a NI PCI 6122 DAQ board. We are sampling at the max sample rate and using a trigger to determine which sample to read from the card.
The problem is, the relationship is non linear. We can double our laser power without doubling the voltage read on the DAQ card. The photodiode uses a transimpedance amplifier which we have set so that there is no gain. We are not reaching anywhere near the saturation limit of the photodiode - our measurements are more around 2-3V.
My question is at what point in our set up can you imagine nonlinearity taking over? I am skeptical of the low pass filter but that's partially because I don't know enough of the response voltages to understand how they would affect the data. Let me know if you have any suggestions.
Thanks in advance!